In the UK,
We advise that you use soil-based seed and potting-on composts –
Warmth and Surface Watering
Germination speed and percentage is greatly improved by applying heat to the seed compost. We utilize thermostatically-controlled heated propagators, but placing the seed pots/trays in a warm environment or onto a straightforward heated tray will also work well. With the seed compost at 27-32°C (80-90°F), you need to see excellent results. Seeds will still germinate down to 21°C (70°F) but germination will probably be slower and more erratic. In the event the temperature drifts towards 38°C (100°F) germination is going to probably be quick but there’ll be a lower success rate.
Try to use surface watering with a spray bottle instead of
When to Sow
We mainly sow seeds during February and March, but you can leave it afterwards. There’s a good variance in the amount of days taken for a specific variety to reach maturity. Some can produce ripe fruit in 60 days from sowing and others take as long as 120 days.
Bear in mind that types such as Habaneros take 100 or more days (3 1/2 months) from potting on to reach maturity. So these must be launched in good time or the fruit won’t ever ripen.
Germination and pricking-out
We are apt to sow seeds around 5mm deep and in tiny pots, using a number of seeds of the identical variety in every pot. Maintaining each variety in its pot is a good idea because germination time varies considerably. The moment the majority of the seeds in a pot have surfaced and are revealing two
When the crops have about 5 pairs of leaves they should be potted-on into larger pots. We develop most of our plants at the ground and this is a possibility if you have a polytunnel or open soil on your greenhouse. Otherwise pot-on to 9 to
Attempt to keep the plants under 36°C, take care to not feed them a lot of nitrogen (they will grow big, but might neglect to set fruit) and do not let them dry out; that should help prevent blossom-drop and pod-drop. Larger varieties may require support with a cane. Ornamental varieties may be moved to a glowing status in the house or to a terrace as soon as they are well established. If your flowers are falling off there could be numerous causes. If they are outside it’s most likely cold windy weather. Lack of feed can also reduce flower production.
Different varieties are chosen at different phases of their evolution. Vegetables which start green or yellowish usually ripen to red, though green
Most chilli plants could be treated as perennial home plants, but will need some pruning in the winter. Some varieties are better suited than others, smaller popular varieties such as Serrano and Twilight, and Prairie Fire do better than the larger plants like Poblano and Anaheim.